Kampala is the largest city and the capital of Uganda. In 2006 its population was approximately 1.1 million . The city was built over the old capital of the Buganda kingdom located on mengo hill. Some buildings from the kingdom still survive in the city such as Buganda court of justice . Originally a city of seven Hills , it is much larger today it has over 2 million inhabitants.
The city is 1300m above sea level in the southern part of Lake Victoria. Thus Kampala experiences a mild climate even with its close proximity to the Equator . In the Kiganda language spoken by the Baganda people . Kampala’s name was derived from the phrase “kasozi k mpala” which literally means hill of impala since the area once had a large impala population.
In 1890, fredrick Lugard built a fort for the Imperial British East Africa Company near Mengo Hill and made it the capital of the Uganda protectorate to help the british gain control of the Nile . After the british made formal claims to the land , the capital was removed to the nearby city of Entebbe ,about 30 miles away but kampala remained the commercial and communications centre of the protectorate .
When Uganda gained independence in 1962 , the capital was returned from Entebbe to kampala , in 1922 Makerere Technical Institute was founded . Today it is Makerere University , the oldest largest institution of higher education in East Africa.
Capital city experienced political unrest during the times of the first president , Milton Obote and his successor Idi Amin , during those two decades the national government could not construct an infrastructure of roads, bridges and highways quickly enough to accommodate the large number of rural migrants to the city .
Most of the many hills are topped with religious institutions such as churches and mosque as well as hospitals and large hotels. The city’s lowlands frequently have flood –prone shanty towns , where the majority of thepopulation resides. Over 75% of kampala’s population lives close to or in poverty . Although the british had occupied Uganda for six decades , their architectural impact was slight like other African cities occupied by Europeans during the colonial era.
Thus kampala is known as a distinctly African city in architecture and culture.
The city had approximately 100,000 Asian citizens before they were expelled by Idi Amin in 1972 . That population has not returned . Kampala today is home to the East African development bank.
The main campus of Makerere University is in the Makerere hill area of the city.
Kampala also hosts the headquarters of the East African Development Bank on Nakasero Hill and the Uganda Local Governments Association on Entebbe Road.
Kampala was originally built on seven hills , but as its size has increased , it has expanded to the more hills than seven , the original seven hills are;
1. The first hill in historical importance is kasubi hill.
2. The second one is mengo hill
3. The third one is kibuli hill which is the home to kibuli mosque
4. The fourth is Namirembe hill , home to the Namirembe Anglican Cathedral
5. The fifth one is lubaga hill, the site of the Rubaga Catholic Cathedral
6. The six is Nsambya hill ,which is the for Nsambya hospital
7. The seventh one is kampala hill (old kampala). A mosque was built with monetary assistance from Libya on the hill in 2003 , with a seating capacity of 15,000 people. The completed mosque was opened officially in june 2007.insert foto of the mosque
Gadafi mosque, Bahai temple & Buganda kings palace
The city city has spread to Nakasero hill, where there are some hotels , including the hotel International 2000 , the grand Imperial Hotel, Kampala hillton Hotel, kampala intercontinental hotel, the Royale Hotel, Kampala Serena Hotel , the Kampala Hotel and the Kampala Speke Hotel
Kasubi tombs, Namirembe Cathedral & Rubaga cathedral
There is also Tank Hill and Mulago hill, Other features of the city include the Uganda Museum,Uganda National Theatre, Nakasero market , Makerere university mulago hospital Buganda parliament and st, Balikudembe Market (formerly owino Market)
Also known for Night Life which includes night clubs, several kasinos notably casino samba in the garden city shopping city, Kampala casino and mayfair casino plus many bars and disco theques.
Kampala hosts a Bahai house of prayer known as the mother temple of Africa and is suited on kikyaya hill on the outskirts of the city. The temple was inaugurated in January 1961.
The Ahmadiya central mosque in kampala is the central mosque of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community , which has six minarets and can hold up to 9,000 worshippers .
It is served by the Entebbe International Airport , which is the main and largest Airport in Uganda.
Boda Bodas (local motorbike transport) are a popular mode of transport that gives access to many areas within and outside the city. Standard fees for these range from 1,000 to 2000 uganda shillings .Boda Bodas are useful for passing through many rush hour traffic, although many are poorly maintained.
Another means of transport in kampala are taxis (15- seater minibus used as public transport ) in early 2007, it was announced that kampala would remove commuter taxis from its streets and replace them with a comprehensive city bus service. The bus service was expected to cover the greater kampala metropolitan areas .since 2012 Pioneer Easy Bus company , started public service in Kampala with an estimated 100 buses each with a capacity (30 seated and 30 standing), acquired from china .
CLIMATE OF KAMPALA
Another facet of kampala’s weather is that it features two annual wet seasons wet seasons. There is a long rainy season from August to December and a short rainy season from February to June . however , the shorter rainy season sees substantially heavier rainfall per month, with April typically seeing the heaviest amount of precipitation at an average of around 169mm of rain. Kampala has been frequently mentioned as one of the most thunderous places on earth.
The city has a diverse ethnic population .The city’s ethnic makeup has been defined by political and economic factors. A large number of western Ugandans particulary the Banyankole moved to the capital in the new government of Museveni.
Inter-tribal marriage in Uganda is still uncommon outside large urban centres . Although many kampala residents have been born and brought up in the city, they still define themselves by their tribal routes and speak their ancestral languages . This is more evident in the surburbs , where tribal languages are spoken alongside English which is the official language , Swahili and Luganda. In addition to the Baganda and Banyankole , other ethnic languages include Bateeso, Basoga, Bafumbira, Bakiga Alur, Acholi, Lugbara, Bagisu and many others.